An apprenticeship is described as providing an individual with “The “Professional Ability to Act” by equipping the individual with the ability, knowledge and skill to work in an ever changing labour environment (2019, Apprenticeship Toolbox).
The two stage process to the apprenticeship ensures that this “Professional Ability to Act “is based on real work life practices and this is backed up by the theory behind this practice. These stages are referred to as on the job training or company training; this time is spent working and learning with your employer, the second stage is referred to as off the job training which is completed in Training Centres or Institute of Technologies. Within these stages are phases of learning, the duration of each phase depends on the apprenticeship being completed. Most apprenticeships take 4 years to complete while others can now be completed within 2 years. During the duration of the apprenticeship the apprentice has the opportunity to earn as they learn.