OECD news on science, technology and innovation

Firms in a time of crisis

Start-ups play a key role in creating jobs, driving innovation and sustaining long-term growth, but the COVID-19 crisis is challenging their creation and survival.

A missing generation of new firms has persistent employment effects

How can policy interventions help start-ups in the short term and over time? In addition to addressing immediate challenges such as liquidity and access to funds, our new policy brief recommends longer-term policies to help accelerate the recovery and limit the fallout of a missing generation of new firms.

Read the brief

Liquidity shortages caused by the COVID-19 crisis have raised concerns over the potential for large-scale firm bankruptcies.

This VoxEU column examines the financial vulnerability firms face due to confinement measures, and discusses steps they can take to reduce risk.

Read the column

Science in the wake of COVID-19

How do you expect the world of science to emerge from the COVID-19 crisis?
In a flash survey on science we are asking scientists, policy makers and members of civil society for their thoughts on the state of scientific research and advice amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. To date, we have collected more than 1 000 responses from nearly 80 countries, and several trends have begun to emerge.

Most respondents expect the reputation of science to continue strengthening and for scientific expertise to play a greater role in policy advice. They also foresee stronger collaboration and exchange of scientific information, though scientists are slightly more pessimistic in this regard than other respondents. About 50% of participating scientists report declines in access to research facilities and materials, job security and funding. 80% report an increase in the use of digital tools for research.

The survey remains open and the results, updated daily, will inform OECD work on policy responses to the COVID-19 crisis.

Find out more

For a sustainable ocean

Discover the OECD ocean portal
The ocean is now being used more intensively than ever before, raising questions about its physical capacity to cope. Prior to the COVID-19 crisis, estimates suggested that the value added generated by ocean-based industry globally could double in size from USD 1.5 trillion in 2010 to USD 3 trillion in 2030.

On 8 June, World Oceans Day, the OECD launched a new website bringing together all OECD expertise on the ocean across multiple policy fronts, including science, technology and innovation for a sustainable ocean economy.

Find out more about the ocean economy

Our latest reports

Our latest reports

Digital Economy Papers

The digital environment offers a wide range of benefits to children, whilst also exposing them to risks including cyberbullying, harmful content and inappropriate contact with strangers. A new digital economy paper provides an overview of the legal and policy actions that governments, international organisations and other stakeholders have taken to ensure a safe and beneficial digital environment for children.

Another recent digital economy paper looks at enhancements to the OECD’s global database of product recalls.

Browse Digital Economy Papers

STI Policy Papers

With the planned and ongoing deployment of several large-scale constellations for satellite broadband, space sustainability is a pressing issue. According to projections, the number of operational satellites in the low-earth orbit could grow from 2 000 today to several tens of thousands in less than five years. Our latest STI policy paper provides an original economic analysis of the issue of long-term space sustainability, with a particular focus on space debris. The paper reviews trends, key challenges and a range of possible policy actions for the future of space activities.

Another recent policy paper provides new evidence on the main characteristics of laggard firms – firms in the bottom 40% of productivity distribution – and their contribution to aggregate productivity performance. It also highlights the existence of barriers to their productivity growth and discusses a comprehensive policy mix to foster it through technology and knowledge diffusion.

Browse STI Policy Papers

STI Working Papers

Our latest STI working paper explores the coverage and representativeness of Orbis, a commercial database of firm-level records across many countries. As a benchmark, the paper uses industry-level data from the OECD STAN dataset as well as micro-aggregated data from the OECD MultiProd and DynEmp projects.

Other recent working papers explore how we can identify and measure developments in artificial intelligence, and analyse the digital transformation of science through the OECD’s International Survey of Scientific Authors.

Browse STI Working Papers

COVID-19 response policy briefs

Over the past two months, we have published a series of briefs on how digitalisation, innovation and science policies can respond to the pandemic. New briefs are published regularly, and are increasingly available in additional languages that currently include French, Spanish and Portuguese.

Browse the policy briefs

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