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Health, Employment, Migration and Social Affairs

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Health, Employment, Migration and Social Affairs


Upcoming event: OECD Forum on Gender Equality

Navigating global transitions

10-11 June 2024, Paris


The Forum will be an opportunity to advance gender equality in the context of today’s global challenges. We will be discussing gender issues at the intersections of green, energy, and digital transitions. We'll focus on practical, innovative solutions to achieve net zero emissions while promoting gender equality, ensure fairness in the energy transition era and close the digital gender gap, building on policy examples (analysis) and data-evidence to drive inclusive global transitions.

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Artificial intelligence and wage inequality


The last decade has seen impressive advances in artificial intelligence (AI). This rapid progress has been accompanied by, among others, concerns about the possible effects of AI on the labour market, including on wages and inequality between workers. Concerns that have come to a head since the public launch, in late 2022, of generative AI systems. This paper looks at the links between AI and wage inequality across 19 OECD countries and finds that there is some evidence that AI may be associated with lower wage inequality within occupations. 

A man in a suit and a robot sit waiting for a job interview.
See latest analysis

Artificial intelligence and the changing demand for skills in the labour market


Most workers who will be exposed to artificial intelligence will not require specialised AI skills (e.g. machine learning, natural language processing, etc.). Even so, AI will change the tasks these workers do and the skills they require. This report provides first estimates for the effect of artificial intelligence on the demand for skills in jobs that do not require specialised AI skills. The results show that the skills most demanded in occupations highly exposed to AI are management and business skills. 

A visual of a man's suit with a digital brain above it.
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Promoting better career choices for longer working lives

Stepping up not stepping out


Increased longevity and technological advancements are reshaping conventional career paths. As people live longer, the need for job mobility becomes more critical for middle-aged and older workers. However, making successful career transitions tends to be more difficult for older workers due to health issues, unfamiliarity with relevant technology or a lack of recent job search experience.

Graph showing older workers are less likely to change jobs
Read the report

New cross-country data on homelessness and affordable housing


Over 2 million people were reported to be experiencing homelessness in the OECD at last count, according to official statistics. The latest data reveal big cross-country differences in the extent of homelessness, driven in part by how it is defined and measured. Explore homelessness data and data collection approaches in 40 countries, and find out about the latest cross-country evidence on homelessness and access to affordable housing.

A visual showing three house outlines
Explore the data

World Health Day

7 April


World Health Day 2024 took place on 7 April with the theme of 'My health, my right’. In keeping with this theme, learn more about the OECD’s Patient-Reported Indicator Surveys (PaRIS), a first-of-its-kind international survey that looks at the impact of healthcare on people's lives, gathering data from 20 countries, over 1 500 primary care providers and over 100 000 patients. 

The PaRIS survey aims to fill a critical gap in primary healthcare, by asking about aspects like access to healthcare and waiting times, as well as quality of life, pain, physical functioning & psychological well-being.

Visual of three people. Text: PaRIS: Patient Reported Indicator Surveys
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World Day for Safety and Health at Work

28 April


Policies to promote employee health and well-being not only protect from occupational risks, but also provide benefits for individuals and employers. Unhealthy lifestyles, characterised by high levels of stress, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits, affect the health of employees and negatively impact workplace productivity. Governments play a key role in promoting health and well-being in the workplace. 

Investing in workers' well-being and health benefits them and increases work productivity
Learn more about promoting health and well-being at work

Upcoming event: Modernising access to social protection

Strategies, technologies and data advances in OECD countries

28 May 2024, 2pm (CEST), virtual launch event


OECD countries face challenges in identifying, enrolling, and providing benefits and services to everyone in need, preventing the full take-up of social programmes. Advances in data and digital technologies, including linked data and artificial intelligence, can go a long way towards making social protection more accessible and effective. This report launch will bring together national experts to discuss how governments are tackling non-take-up and delivery of social programmes with new digital tools.

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Are working environments for healthcare workers improving?


Health workers in OECD countries report high levels of mental ill-health, physical harm and poor well-being. In the United States and United Kingdom, burnout affects over a third of healthcare workers. Poor-quality work environments contribute to low job satisfaction and can lead to workers leaving the health sector. This policy brief explores findings from national efforts to assess health workers’ views on their work environment.

A photo of an exhausted health worker in medical scrubs
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