Careers in Horticulture
Careers information on the many areas of Irish Horticulture
Introduction to Rose Sector
Roses are the most grown flowers in the world, but have you ever stopped to wonder if they are actually being cultivated for profit purposes or just for its sentimental value? Roses are one of the most economically important ornamental crops in the world.
A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are more than three hundred species and their cultivars run in thousands. They form a class of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing, or trailing with stems that are most often times equipped with sharp thorns. Flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and conspicuous, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds. Most species are native to Asia, with smaller numbers native to Europe, North America, and northwestern Africa.
Virtually all Garden Centres and Cut Flower outlets would carry a range of Roses. Roses are a Summer flowering plant and in Ireland shops need to import stock out of season.
Getting into the Rose growing business requires that you have
- Sandy loamy soil (with proper PH level of about 6 or 7.5, 30% organic matter and very high oxygen level)
- Greenhouse – to manage stock in colder weather
- Nursery – to grow on stock prior to marketing
- Irrigation system – only if you are in dry climate
- Fertilisers (chemical or organic)
- Cutting tools (like clippers, scissors etc)
- Labour – at all stages both skilled and non skilled
- Climate (temperature and sunlight) – you hope for the best
- Patience – simple propagation will give a saleable plant in three years. Breeding new types may require up to six years from start to selling.